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We decided to go out for a picnic.
I had a pleasant outing with some of my classmates today.
Early in the morning, we set off for the farm for a visit.
When we reached the farm, we were given a warm welcome.
They showed us around the farm(We were shown around the farm) , where we saw many kinds of plants.
We caught sight of a stream with green grass and beautiful flowers on both sides.
We were completely amazed at the wonder and the greatness of nature.(我们完全被大自然的奇妙和伟大折服了)
We jumped and shouted like innocent (天真的) children.
Once on the top of the hill/The moment we got to the top of the hill, we were deeply struck/attracted by the beautiful scenery.
How we enjoyed the beautiful views from the top !
After being divided into groups, we set to work at once.
Some of us were getting water, some (were) cutting the meat and vegetables, and others (were) sitting on the grass enjoying music.
Birds were singing sweetly in the trees and butterflies were dancing gracefully in the garden/fields.
When lunch time came, we sat on the grassland, eating and drinking happily.
The meal was so delicious that we enjoyed it very much.
We sang and danced together to the music.
Three hours had passed before we knew it.
The time passed quickly before we knew it.
It was time for us to go back when the sun started to go down.
I spent the whole afternoon with our cousins, enjoying the fine scenery and fresh air in the country.
At about four o’clock in the afternoon, we said goodbye to them
At four o’clock in the afternoon we had to return.
They came out to see us until we disappeared in the distance.
On the way back, we were laughing and talking all the time.
What a wonderful weekend we had!
We enjoyed ourselves very much.
Through these out-of class activities we can learn a lot of things that can’t be learned in class.
Although we were tired, we felt very happy. I think it’s our duty to cover our country with green.
I was walking along the street when a terrible accident happened in the street.
One day something unpleasant happened.
The girl fell off her bike and was badly hurt.
Fortunately, the injured people were sent to hospital without delay.
An elderly man was hit by a car while he was crossing the road.
He fell down to the ground with a cry.
The girl was too frightened to move.
It was soon found out that the driver had drunk too much wine before driving.
The accident delayed all the traffic for an hour and caused the damage of $80,000
Lots of people lost their lives in the floods.
The big floods, which occurred in 1998, caused great losses.
A big fire broke out in an office building in a busy street. The cause of the fire has been unknown. It is being investigated.
The fire lasted about two hours and was finally put out in the afternoon.
As a result, the three-storied building was destroyed, 50 people were killed, and more than 200 were injured.
Up to the present, the cause of the accident is still unknown.
助人为乐、 舍己救人
Without thinking about her own safety, she rushed out and pulled him back.
He hurried to school, reaching the schoolyard quite out of breath.
She told the teacher what had happened to her on the way to school.
The blind man was out of danger, but she lost her life./got injured.
He was praised for what he had done.
She offered us some gifts, but we refused to accept them.
They all thanked him for his help.
Wondering what to do, Tom saw a policeman.
We hurried to the policeman for help.
With the help of the policeman, we found the owner of the bag.
A clever idea came to his mind.
Then he put his idea into practice.
I left the hospital without giving my name.
This may be the most unforgettable experience of my life.
He felt happy because he had done a good deed.
It was not until then that I really understood the meaning of the proverb:
“ Helping others is the source of happiness.”
He will always be remembered as a hero.
He was from a poor peasant’s family.
He is about 1.72 meters in height
By the age of 14, he had taught himself advanced mathematics.
She is already in her fifties, but she looks younger for her age.
He is short and thin with a pair of thick glasses.
She is tall and slim with big dark eyes and black hair.
My English teacher, Miss Zhang, is a middle-aged woman.
She often helps those who have difficulty in doing their homework.
With her help, I have caught up with my classmates.
At the age of eight he became a member of the diving team in Guangdong Province. A few years later, he won a gold medal at the 11th Asian Games and became a world Champion.
 He has his own way of teaching.
He has much knowledge and good at teaching.
All these years he has been working hard.
Many times he has been praised for his excellent work.
He gets on very well with us students.
He is not only our good teacher but also our good friend.
He is honest and always ready to help others. That’s why we made him monitor.
We all considered her pronunciation to be the best of all.
He is a worthy person for us to learn from.
He graduated from Qinghua University in 1982.
An American company wanted to employ him with high pay, but he refused.
He received a doctor’s degree in 1988.
He is strict with us and careful in his work.
He won the first prize in the physics contest.
He devoted all his life to education.
He is loved and respected by us all.
She is considered as one of the best teachers year by year.
With his help, we have made great progress in our studies.
He will always be remembered as a great leader, a wise and warm-hearted man.
He is regarded as a fighter by most of the people in the world.
Miss Zhang is such a good teacher that we all love her very much.
Such was Elbert Einstein, a man of great achievements.
Different people have got different attitudes towards failure.
Different people have different opinions about smoking.
Opinions are divided on the question.
60% of the students are against the idea of entrance fee.
On the other hand, 40% think that fees should be charged.
There are always two aspects(方面) to any situation.
Everything lives with opposite forces. The same can be said about modern technology, such as Internet.
Some (foolish) people seem to think/believe/hold the view that smoking is an enjoyment. But in fact, smoking does great harm to people’s health.
We must try to persuade people to give up smoking.
It is investigated that 30% of the computers are used to play games.
According to a recent investigation, ……
Playing games on computers can be a waste of time.
It’s been proved that early rising can make people full of energy.
Early rising helps to keep fit.
As the English proverb says, “Early to bed and early to rise, make a man healthy, wealthy and wise.”
Experts suggest that people should have regular sports every day.
Study shows that cigarette smoking can cause cancers.
In addition to health problems, there are other reasons to give up smoking.
From the above, I come to the conclusion that smoking does great harm to our health.
From now on, we ought to break away from the bad habit and form a good one.
Millions of smokers die from illness caused by smoking tobacco.
My suggestions are as follows.
As future builders of our country, we should make full use of our
   time to work hard ,and do things to benefit our country.
As we all know, spending too much time on TV may have bad effects on our work and health, especially on our eyes.
Therefore, we should be aware of(注意) when to watch, how to watch, and what to watch.
There are many ways of keeping good health.
Nowadays, taxies bring people a lot of convenience, but also cause a lot of trouble.
Regulations should be laid down for taxi drivers.(应该专门为出租车司机指定交通规则)
Now more and more students are getting near-sighted in schools,
because they have paid little attention to the care of their eyes.
As a creature, I eat; as a man, I read. Although one action is to meet the primary need of my body and the other is to satisfy the intellectual need of mind, they are in a way quite similar.  
To begin with, you must work hard at your lessons and be fully prepared before the exam(主题句). Without sufficient preparation, you can hardly expect to answer allthe questions correctly.  
first, second, third, last(不推荐,原因:俗)  
firstly, secondly, thirdly, finally(不推荐,原因:俗)  
the first, the second, the third, the last(不推荐,原因:俗)
in the first place, in the second place, in the third place, lastly(不推荐,原因:俗)  
5)to begin with, then, furthermore, finally(强烈推荐)  
6)to start with, next, in addition, finally(强烈推荐)  
7)first and foremost, besides, last but not least(强烈推荐)  
8)most important of all, moreover, finally  
9)on the one hand, on the other hand(适用于两点的情况)  
10)for one thing, for another thing(适用于两点的情况)  
I cannot bear it.  
可以用短语表达:I cannot put up with it.  
I want it. 可以用短语表达:I am looking forward to it. 这样字数明显增加,表达也更准确。 
 五、多实少虚原则原因很简单,写文章还是应该写一些实际的东西,不要空话连篇。这就要求一定要多用实词,少用虚词。我这里所说的虚词就是指那些比较大的词。比如我们说一个很好的时候,不应该之说nice这样空洞的词,应该使用一些诸如generous, humorous, interesting, smart, gentle, warm-hearted, hospital之类的形象词。再比如:  
走出房间,general的词是:walk out of the room  
但是小偷走出房间应该说:slip out of the room  
小姐走出房间应该说:sail out of the room  
小孩走出房间应该说:dance out of the room  
老人走出房间应该说:stagger out of the room  
I enjoy music and he is fond of playing guitar.  
Not only the fur coat is soft, but it is also warm.  
besides, furthermore, likewise, moreover  
The car was quite old, yet it was in excellent condition.  
The coat was thin, but it was warm.  
despite that, still, however, nevertheless, in spite of, despite, notwithstanding  因果(so, so, so)  
The snow began to fall, so we went home.  
then, therefore, consequently, accordingly, hence, as a result, for this reason, so that  
举例:This is what I can do.  
Whether he can go with us or not is not sure.  
When to go, Why he goes away…  
The man whom you met yesterday is a friend of mine.  
I don’t enjoy that book you are reading.  
Mr liu, our oral English teacher, is easy-going.  
其实很简单,同位语--要解释的东西删除后不影响整个句子的构成;定语从句—借用之前的关键词并且用其重新组成一个句子插入其中,但是whom or that关键词必须要紧跟在先行词之前。  
Whether your tastes are modern or traditional, sophisticated or simple, there is plenty in London for you. 
 Nowadays, energy can be obtained through various sources such as oil, coal, natural gas, solar heat, the wind and ocean tides.  
 We have got to study hard, to enlarge our scope of knowledge, to realize our potentials and to pay for our life.(气势恢宏)
The weather being fine, a large number of people went to climb the Western Hills. 
 Africa is the second largest continent, its size being about three times that of China.如果您可一些出这样的句子,不得高分才怪! 三、文章主体段落的三大杀手锏 
  In order to attract more customers, advertisers have adopted every possible simulative factor in making ads, such as sound, light, colours, cartoon films and human performance. For instance, to advertise a certain food, advertisers will ask an actor or actress to sit at a table and devour the seemingly delicious food while they fime him or her.  
 To take…as an example, One example is…, Another exampleis…, for example 
世界上没有同样的指纹,没有相同的树叶,文章亦同,只有通过比较,你才会发现二者的相同点(through comparison)和不同点(through contrast)。下面是一些短语:  
in comparison, likewise, similarly, in the same manner  
on the other hand, conversely, whereas, while, instead,
 nevertheless, in contrast, on the contrary, compared with   …,…
 实际就是重复重复再重复!下面的句子实际上就三个字I love you! 
  I am enthusiastic about you. That is to say, I love you. 
  I am wild about you. In other words, I have fallen in love with you. 
  I cannot bear it. 
  可以用短语表达:I cannot put up with it.因此可以这样说:I cannot bear it. That is to say, I cannot put up with it or I am fed up with it.
  更多短语:  in more difficult language, in simpler words, put it more simply. 
first, firstly to begin with further in the first place
second, secondly to start with still furthermore
third, thirdly what is more last last but not least
also and then next besides
and equally important too moreover
besides in addition finally
by contrast although though yet
at the same time but despite the fact that even so
in contrast nevertheless even though for all that
notwithstanding on the contrary however in spite of
on the other hand otherwise instead still
therefore consequently because of for the reason
thus hence due to owing to
so accordingly thanks to on this account
since as on that account in this way
for as a result as a consequence
still nevertheless concession granted naturally
in spite of all the same of course despite
even so after all
furthermore moreover likewise what is more besides also not only...but also...
too in addition
for example for instance for one thing that is
to illustrate as an illustration a case in point
as a matter of fact frankly speaking in this case namely
in other words英语中18大激励人心的豪情壮语
in summary in a word thus as has been said
in brief in conclusion altogether in other words
to conclude in fact finally in simpler terms
indeed in short in particular that is
in other words of course on the whole to put it differently
(1)Today I visited the Smiths-my first time visit to an American family.    time
(2)In fact,they are planning to visit China in next year.    in
(3)First,let me tell you something  more about myself.      more
(4)We practise for three times every week and often watch football match on TV together.       for
(5)Now I cant watch much television,but a few years ago I was used to watch it every night.     much
(6)Whenever I see them I will often think of my English teacher.      often
(7)I was so tired that I fell asleep at the moment my head touched the pillow.      at
(1)It was very kind for them to meet me at the railway station and drove me to their home.    of
(2)I use to play ping -pong a lot in my sparetime,but...     used
(3)Some wanted to see the programme while others preferred another.    one
(4)...but the others spent a lot∧time arguing and ...     of
(5)When I was on the stage the next day,I felt so nervous as I shook like a leaf.    that
(6)Suddenly,I caught a sight of my English teacher in the crowd.    a(注:a为需删去的词)
(7)Like most of my schoolmates,I have neither brothers nor sisters—in any other words,I am an only child.    any(any需为删去的词)
(1)...but now I am interesting in football.    interested
(2)We must keep in mind that we play for the team instead∧ourselves.    of
(3)Now I cant watch television,but a few years ago I was used to watch it every night.    was(注:was为需删去的词)
(4)Unfortunately,there are too many people among my family.    in
(5)They did not want me to do any work at family;they want me to...    home
(6)Do they really understand their daughter?What things are in other homes,I wonder.    How
(7)Evening came down.    down(注:down为需删去的词)
(1)It was very kind of them to meet me at the station and drove me to their home.    drive
(2)Playing football not only makes us grow up tall and strong but also give us a sense of fair play and team spirit.    gives
(3)She was smiling but nodding at me.    and
(4)I remembered her words and clam down.    calmed
(5)It looks as if my parents treat me as a visitor and a guest.    or
(6)The food was expensive and the service was good.    But
(7)As we climbed the mountain,we fed monkeys,visiting temples and told stories.    visited

  譬如一省作文题:  假设你的名字是李华,亚洲冬季运动会将在你居住的地方举办,现招募志愿者。你希望成为志愿者。申请信的格式已经写好了,你直接写内容就可以。你的个人情况:年龄性别学历,个人条件。英语好,爱好体育,擅长交际,乐于助人。承诺提供最佳服务。



有的同学在作文中使用过多简单句,成了简单句堆砌;有的写复杂句时,动辄用so, and,then,but,or,however,yet等非但达不到丰富表达方式的目的,反而使句子结构松散、呆板。为了避免这种现象,可以通过使用不同的关联词,不仅能够丰富句型,而且还能够把思想表达得更清楚,意义更连贯。
■ 金题解析
当前不少文学作品被改编成电影。有人选择看电影,有人则喜欢读原著。请你以“Film or book, which do you prefer?”为题,按照下列要点写一篇英语短文:
2. 读原著:细节更多、语言优美
3. 我的看法及理由
1. 词数:100~120 文章题目和开头已给出(不计入词数)。
2. 参考词汇: original work 或 book in the original (原著)
Film or book, which do you prefer?
Some of us think that it is better to see the film than to read the book in the original.
Some of us think that it is better to see the film than to read the book in the original. The reason is that it takes less time to understand the whole story. Besides, the film is usually more interesting, and it is easier to follow.
Some others have just the opposite opinion. They think that they can get more detailed information from the original. Meanwhile, the language in the book is possibly more lively and beautiful.
Personally, I agree with the second view. Actually I have more reasons for it. I think I can stay at home, reading quietly in a situation of my own, and what’s more, I am able to better understand the author’s ideas. In a word, to read the original work is better than to see the film based on it.
③第三段中,what’s more一词的使用,使作者在说明自己观点时呈现较强的逻辑性和感染力。In a word用于总结前文,突出了主题。
■ 关联词的应用
文章段落之间的逻辑关系可以用启、承、转、合来概括。“启”就是开头, “承”是承接,“转”是转折,“合”是综合或总结。
(1)用于“启”的关联词语通常用在段落或文章的开头: first, first of all, at first, in the first place, firstly, to begin with, to start with, recently, now, nowadays, at present, in recent years, in general, generally speaking, lately, currently等。例:
①Nowadays,a heated debate (discussion) about private cars is under way in China.
②In the recent few years, millions of fast food restaurants have mushroomed all over China.
③Currently, there is a widespread concern over increasing traffic accidents.
④First of all, doing exercise every day is of the utmost importance in keeping fit.
⑤Generally speaking, the more you practice, the more skillfully you can write in English.
(2)用于“承”的关联词语通常用在段落中的第一个扩展句中: second, similarly, in addition, besides, then, furthermore, moreover, what is more, what is worse, for example, for instance, certainly, surely, obviously, in other words, especially, particularly, in particular, indeed, still, third, truly, in fact, at the same time, no doubt等。例:
①The answer to this problem involves many factors. First, . . . Next, . . . Last, . . .
②The following factors account for the problem. On the one hand, . . . On the other hand, . . .
以下原因导致了这一问题, 一方面, ……另一方面,……
③As a matter of fact, it is health rather than wealth that counts.
④What is more serious is that we do not cherish the wildlife.
⑤In addition, we should not neglect that everyone wants a friendly and peaceful society.
(3)用于“转”的关联词语通常用在段落中的第二个扩展句中: but, however, on the other hand, on the contrary, in contrast, in any case, at any rate(无论如何), nevertheless(虽然如此), otherwise, or, or else, while, whereas, but, despite, in spite of ..., yet, instead等。例:
①However, this idea is now being questioned by more and more experts.
②But just as a coin has two sides, tourism inevitably has its disadvantages.
③Parents complain their children are behaving unreasonably while the children declare their parents to be old-fashioned.
④In spite of these changes, the liberation of women has not been completed realized.
⑤On the other hand, some examinations fail to measure how the students have really studied.
(4)用于“合”的关联词语通常用在段落的结论句或文章的结论段中:in a word, in general, in short, above all, after all, generally speaking,to sum up, finally, in conclusion, at last, in summary, therefore, as a result, above all, thus,after all, eventually, hence, in sum(总之), on the whole(就整体而言), to sum up等。例:
①Last but no least, the shortcoming in education is the cause contributing to juvenile delinquency.
②For these reasons, we can conclude that receiving college education is wise.
③Therefore,it takes longer time and more energy to communicate in written English than in oral English.
④In short, environmental pollution is the major problem to be solved to make our world a better place in which to live.
⑤From what has been discussed above, we may safely draw the conclusion that advantages of bicycle far outweigh its disadvantages and it will still play essential roles in modern society.

1 欣赏大自然的风景 to appreciate the scenery of nature
      2 培养公德心 to cultivate the public mindedness
      3 维护健康 to maintain health
      4 保护环境 to protect the environment
      5 开拓视野 to broaden the horizon
      6 开拓心胸 to broaden the mind
      7 调剂生活 to make life pleasant
      8 松散身心 to relax oneself
      9 启迪心灵 to enlighten the mind
      10 灌输知识 to impart knowledge into someone
      11 追求理想 to seek after the ideal
      12 实现抱负 to realize ones ambition
      13 守信用 to keep ones promise
      14 跟上时代 to keep up with the times
      15 欣赏古典文学 to appreciate the classical literature
      16 学习吉他 to learn guitar
      17 陶冶品德 to cultivate the character
      18 贡献国家 to contribute oneself to the country
      19 锻炼身体 to strengthen, exercise the body
      20 缺乏休闲活动 to lack recreations
      21 作笔记 to take notes
      22 使用参考书 to use reference books
      23 关心社会 to be concerned about the society
      24 服从校规 to follow the rules of the school
      25 尽身为学生的责任 to fulfill ones duty as a student
      26 克服困难 to overcome the difficulty
      27 面临困难 to be confronted with the difficulty
      28 渡过困境 to weather the storm
      29 走快捷方式 to cut the corner
      30 量脉搏 to feel the pulse
      31 开药方 to prescribe the medicine
      32 坚守原则 to stick to the principle
      33 注意卫生 to emphasize the importance of hygiene
      34 乱丢垃圾 to litter; to scatter garbage
      35 美化环境 to beautify the environment
      36 种植树木 to grow trees
      37 防止污染 to prevent the pollution
      38 提升生活质量 to promote the qualities of life
      39 造成损害 to do damage to
      40 对...有益 to benefit; to be beneficial to
      41 对...有害 to be harmful to; to do harm to
      42 任意停车 to park the car at random
      43 制造噪音 to make noises
      44 占用人行道 to occupy the sidewalk
      45 妨碍交通 to hinder the traffic
      46 排放污烟、废气 to belch smoke, exhaust, fume
      47 造成不便 to cause inconvenience
      48 造成混乱 to bring about the disorder
      49 闯红灯 to run through the red light
      50 利用天桥 to make use of the overpass
      51 查字典 to consult the dictionary
      52 屏息 to hold ones breath
      53 流泪 to shed tears
      54 符合需要 to meet the demand
      55 生根 to take root
      56 产生结果 to bear fruit
      57 打破沉默 to break the ice
      58 气馁 to lose heart; to get discouraged
      59 振作 to pull oneself together; to take heart
      60 采取步骤 to take steps; to take measures
      61 缓和悲伤 to ease ( alleviate ) the sorrow
      62 承受负担 to bear the responsibility
      63 考虑到 to make allowance for
      64 把握机会 to seize the opportunity
      65 跑腿 to run an errand
      66 树立楷模 to set a good example
      67 接受教育 to receive education
      68 提升生活的水平 to raise the standard of living
      69 告辞 to take ones leave
      70 有很深的了解 to have a deep understanding of
      71 跟随流行 to follow the fashion
      72 提钱 to withdraw money
      73 存钱 to deposit money
      74 良心不安 the conscience stirs
      75 自立 to be independent; to stand on ones own
      76 英文很好 to have a good command of English
      77 有广泛的知识 to have a wide range of knowledge
      78 喜爱艺术 to have a great liking for arts
      79 扮演重要角色 to play an important role in
      80 聊天 to have a chat with
      81 有...才能 to have a talent for
      82 选择 to make a choice
      83 有很大的影响 to have a great influence on
      84 予人...很深的印象 to make a deep impression on
      85 愚弄 to make a fool of
      86 找借口 to make an excuse
      87 给人搭便车 to give one a lift
      88 打电话 to give someone a ring
      89 冒险 to take chances
      90 怀恨 to bear grudge against someone
      91 牢记在心 to bear .....in mind
      92 板着脸 to pull a long face
      93 对...充耳不闻 to turn a deaf ear to
      94 被开除 to be dismissed from school
      95 生气 to be angry with ( at )
      96 负担责任 to assume the responsibility
      97 符合需要 to serve the purpose
      98 变胖 to gain weight
      99 有道理 to make sense
      100 记日记 to keep a diary
      101 尽己所能 to do what one can
      102 擅长网球 to be at home in tennis
      103 郊游 to go on an outing
      104 消磨时间 to kill time
      105 增加生活的情趣 to increase the pleasures of life
      106 精神抖擞 to be ( feel ) refreshed
      107 解除紧张和焦虑 to relieve the tension and anxiety
      108 宣泄久积的情绪 to release the pent-up feelings
      109 游手好闲 to fool around
      110 准备考试 to prepare for the examination
      111 参加课外活动 to take part in the club activities
      112 无精打采的 to be listless
      113 精力充沛的 to be vigorous, energetic
      114 防台 to guard against the typhoon
      115 逃避现实 to escape the reality
      116 达到目标 to achieve the aim
      117 五育并重 to lay equal emphasis on the Five Disciplines
      118 感到无聊 to feel ( be ) bored
      119 感到剌激 to be excited
      120 感到满意 to be pleased, satisfied
      121 感到失望 to be disappointed
      122 感到振奋 to be encouraged, inspired
      123 感到气馁 to be discouraged, frustrated
      124 感到疲倦的 to be exhausted
      125 感到烦恼 to be worried, upset, disturbed, bothered
      126 放弃理想 to abandon the ideal
      127 奠定基础 to lay the foundation
      128 失去耐心 to lose patience
      129 进步 to make progress
      130 失去连络 to lose track of
      131 保持连络 to keep in touch with
      132 误入歧途 to go astray
      133 养成...的习惯 to make it a rule to; to cultivate the habit
      134 统一中国 to reunify China
      135 不辞辛劳 to take the pains to
      136 遇到交通阻塞 to be caught in a traffic jam
      137 给...教训 to teach someone a lesson
      138 改过自新 to turn over a new leaf
      139 引以为乐 to take delight in
      140 予...以打击 to deal a heavy blow to
      141 予...以威胁 to pose a threat to
      142 取代 to take the place of
      143 预作保留 to make the reservation
      144 使...澈夜未眠 to cost someone a sleepless night
      145 充满喜悦 to be filled with joy
      146 背诵 to learn....by heart
      147 鼓励 to encourage, inspire
      148 产生不同 to make a great difference
      149 犯法 to violate the law
      150 不遗余力 to spare no efforts to


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