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高考英语书面表达分类模板

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高考英语书面表达分类模板
叙事类
外出活动、欣赏美景(日记)
We decided to go out for a picnic.
I had a pleasant outing with some of my classmates today.
Early in the morning, we set off for the farm for a visit.
When we reached the farm, we were given a warm welcome.
They showed us around the farm(We were shown around the farm) , where we saw many kinds of plants.
We caught sight of a stream with green grass and beautiful flowers on both sides.
We were completely amazed at the wonder and the greatness of nature.(我们完全被大自然的奇妙和伟大折服了)
We jumped and shouted like innocent (天真的) children.
Once on the top of the hill/The moment we got to the top of the hill, we were deeply struck/attracted by the beautiful scenery.
How we enjoyed the beautiful views from the top !
After being divided into groups, we set to work at once.
Some of us were getting water, some (were) cutting the meat and vegetables, and others (were) sitting on the grass enjoying music.
Birds were singing sweetly in the trees and butterflies were dancing gracefully in the garden/fields.
When lunch time came, we sat on the grassland, eating and drinking happily.
The meal was so delicious that we enjoyed it very much.
We sang and danced together to the music.
Three hours had passed before we knew it.
The time passed quickly before we knew it.
It was time for us to go back when the sun started to go down.
I spent the whole afternoon with our cousins, enjoying the fine scenery and fresh air in the country.
At about four o’clock in the afternoon, we said goodbye to them
At four o’clock in the afternoon we had to return.
They came out to see us until we disappeared in the distance.
On the way back, we were laughing and talking all the time.
What a wonderful weekend we had!
We enjoyed ourselves very much.
Through these out-of class activities we can learn a lot of things that can’t be learned in class.
Although we were tired, we felt very happy. I think it’s our duty to cover our country with green.
意外事故、天灾人祸
I was walking along the street when a terrible accident happened in the street.
One day something unpleasant happened.
The girl fell off her bike and was badly hurt.
Fortunately, the injured people were sent to hospital without delay.
An elderly man was hit by a car while he was crossing the road.
He fell down to the ground with a cry.
The girl was too frightened to move.
It was soon found out that the driver had drunk too much wine before driving.
The accident delayed all the traffic for an hour and caused the damage of $80,000
Lots of people lost their lives in the floods.
The big floods, which occurred in 1998, caused great losses.
A big fire broke out in an office building in a busy street. The cause of the fire has been unknown. It is being investigated.
The fire lasted about two hours and was finally put out in the afternoon.
As a result, the three-storied building was destroyed, 50 people were killed, and more than 200 were injured.
Up to the present, the cause of the accident is still unknown.
助人为乐、 舍己救人
Without thinking about her own safety, she rushed out and pulled him back.
He hurried to school, reaching the schoolyard quite out of breath.
She told the teacher what had happened to her on the way to school.
The blind man was out of danger, but she lost her life./got injured.
He was praised for what he had done.
She offered us some gifts, but we refused to accept them.
They all thanked him for his help.
Wondering what to do, Tom saw a policeman.
We hurried to the policeman for help.
With the help of the policeman, we found the owner of the bag.
A clever idea came to his mind.
Then he put his idea into practice.
I left the hospital without giving my name.
This may be the most unforgettable experience of my life.
He felt happy because he had done a good deed.
It was not until then that I really understood the meaning of the proverb:
“ Helping others is the source of happiness.”
He will always be remembered as a hero.
人物写照、生平事迹
He was from a poor peasant’s family.
He is about 1.72 meters in height
By the age of 14, he had taught himself advanced mathematics.
She is already in her fifties, but she looks younger for her age.
He is short and thin with a pair of thick glasses.
She is tall and slim with big dark eyes and black hair.
My English teacher, Miss Zhang, is a middle-aged woman.
She often helps those who have difficulty in doing their homework.
With her help, I have caught up with my classmates.
At the age of eight he became a member of the diving team in Guangdong Province. A few years later, he won a gold medal at the 11th Asian Games and became a world Champion.
 He has his own way of teaching.
He has much knowledge and good at teaching.
All these years he has been working hard.
Many times he has been praised for his excellent work.
He gets on very well with us students.
He is not only our good teacher but also our good friend.
He is honest and always ready to help others. That’s why we made him monitor.
We all considered her pronunciation to be the best of all.
He is a worthy person for us to learn from.
He graduated from Qinghua University in 1982.
An American company wanted to employ him with high pay, but he refused.
He received a doctor’s degree in 1988.
He is strict with us and careful in his work.
He won the first prize in the physics contest.
He devoted all his life to education.
He is loved and respected by us all.
She is considered as one of the best teachers year by year.
With his help, we have made great progress in our studies.
He will always be remembered as a great leader, a wise and warm-hearted man.
He is regarded as a fighter by most of the people in the world.
Miss Zhang is such a good teacher that we all love her very much.
Such was Elbert Einstein, a man of great achievements.
议论文
规劝恶习、见解评说
Different people have got different attitudes towards failure.
Different people have different opinions about smoking.
Opinions are divided on the question.
60% of the students are against the idea of entrance fee.
On the other hand, 40% think that fees should be charged.
There are always two aspects(方面) to any situation.
Everything lives with opposite forces. The same can be said about modern technology, such as Internet.
Some (foolish) people seem to think/believe/hold the view that smoking is an enjoyment. But in fact, smoking does great harm to people’s health.
We must try to persuade people to give up smoking.
It is investigated that 30% of the computers are used to play games.
According to a recent investigation, ……
Playing games on computers can be a waste of time.
It’s been proved that early rising can make people full of energy.
Early rising helps to keep fit.
As the English proverb says, “Early to bed and early to rise, make a man healthy, wealthy and wise.”
Experts suggest that people should have regular sports every day.
Study shows that cigarette smoking can cause cancers.
In addition to health problems, there are other reasons to give up smoking.
From the above, I come to the conclusion that smoking does great harm to our health.
From now on, we ought to break away from the bad habit and form a good one.
Millions of smokers die from illness caused by smoking tobacco.
My suggestions are as follows.
As future builders of our country, we should make full use of our
   time to work hard ,and do things to benefit our country.
As we all know, spending too much time on TV may have bad effects on our work and health, especially on our eyes.
Therefore, we should be aware of(注意) when to watch, how to watch, and what to watch.
There are many ways of keeping good health.
Nowadays, taxies bring people a lot of convenience, but also cause a lot of trouble.
Regulations should be laid down for taxi drivers.(应该专门为出租车司机指定交通规则)
Now more and more students are getting near-sighted in schools,
because they have paid little attention to the care of their eyes.
写作的七项基本原则  
一、长短句原则工作还得一张一驰呢,老让读者读长句,累死人!写一个短小精辟的句子,相反,却可以起到画龙点睛的作用。而且如果我们把短句放在段首或者段末,也可以揭示主题:  
As a creature, I eat; as a man, I read. Although one action is to meet the primary need of my body and the other is to satisfy the intellectual need of mind, they are in a way quite similar.  
如此可见,长短句结合,抑扬顿挫,岂不爽哉?牢记!  
强烈建议:在文章第一段(开头)用一长一短,且先长后短;在文章主体部分,要先用一个短句解释主要意思,然后在阐述几个要点的时候采用先短后长的句群形式,定会让主体部分妙笔生辉!文章结尾一般用一长一短就可以了。  
主题句原则国有其君,家有其主,文章也要有其主。否则会给人造成“群龙无首”之感!相信各位读过一些破烂文学,故意把主体隐藏在文章之内,结果造成我们稀里糊涂!不知所云!所以奉劝各位一定要写一个主题句,放在文章的开头(保险型)或者结尾,让读者一目了然,必会平安无事!  
特别提示:隐藏主体句可是要冒险的!  
To begin with, you must work hard at your lessons and be fully prepared before the exam(主题句). Without sufficient preparation, you can hardly expect to answer allthe questions correctly.  
一二三原则领导讲话总是第一部分、第一点、第二点、第三点、第二部分、第一点…如此罗嗦。可毕竟还是条理清楚。考官们看文章也必然要通过这些关键性的“标签”来判定你的文章是否结构清楚,条理自然。破解方法很简单,只要把下面任何一组的词汇加入到你的几个要点前就清楚了。  
first, second, third, last(不推荐,原因:俗)  
firstly, secondly, thirdly, finally(不推荐,原因:俗)  
the first, the second, the third, the last(不推荐,原因:俗)
in the first place, in the second place, in the third place, lastly(不推荐,原因:俗)  
5)to begin with, then, furthermore, finally(强烈推荐)  
6)to start with, next, in addition, finally(强烈推荐)  
7)first and foremost, besides, last but not least(强烈推荐)  
8)most important of all, moreover, finally  
9)on the one hand, on the other hand(适用于两点的情况)  
10)for one thing, for another thing(适用于两点的情况)  
建议:不仅仅在写作中注意,平时说话的时候也应该条理清楚!  
短语优先原则  
写作时,尤其是在考试时,如果使用短语,有两个好处:其一、用短语会使文章增加亮点,如果老师们看到你的文章太简单,看不到一个自己不认识的短语,必然会看你低一等。相反,如果发现亮点—精彩的短语,那么你的文章定会得高分了。其二、关键时刻思维短路,只有凑字数,怎么办?用短语是一个办法!比如:  
I cannot bear it.  
可以用短语表达:I cannot put up with it.  
I want it. 可以用短语表达:I am looking forward to it. 这样字数明显增加,表达也更准确。 
 五、多实少虚原则原因很简单,写文章还是应该写一些实际的东西,不要空话连篇。这就要求一定要多用实词,少用虚词。我这里所说的虚词就是指那些比较大的词。比如我们说一个很好的时候,不应该之说nice这样空洞的词,应该使用一些诸如generous, humorous, interesting, smart, gentle, warm-hearted, hospital之类的形象词。再比如:  
走出房间,general的词是:walk out of the room  
但是小偷走出房间应该说:slip out of the room  
小姐走出房间应该说:sail out of the room  
小孩走出房间应该说:dance out of the room  
老人走出房间应该说:stagger out of the room  
所以多用实词,少用虚词,文章将会大放异彩!  
多变句式原则  
加法(串联)  
都希望写下很长的句子,像个老外似的,可就是怕写错,怎么办,最保险的写长句的方法就是这些,可以在任何句子之间加and,但最好是前后的句子又先后关系或者并列关系。比如说: 
I enjoy music and he is fond of playing guitar.  
如果是二者并列的,我们可以用一个超级句式:  
Not only the fur coat is soft, but it is also warm.  
其它的短语可以用:  
besides, furthermore, likewise, moreover  
转折(拐弯抹角)
批评某人缺点的时候,我们总习惯先拐弯抹角说说他的优点,然后转入正题,再说缺点,这种方式虽然阴险了点,可毕竟还比较容易让人接受。所以呢,我们说话的时候,只要在要点之前先来点废话,注意二者之间用个专这次就够了。  
The car was quite old, yet it was in excellent condition.  
The coat was thin, but it was warm.  
更多的短语:  
despite that, still, however, nevertheless, in spite of, despite, notwithstanding  因果(so, so, so)  
昨天在街上我看到了一个女孩,然后我主动搭讪,然后我们去咖啡厅,然后我们认识了,然后我们成为了朋友…可见,讲故事的时候我们总要追求先后顺序,先什么,后什么,所以然后这个词就变得很常见了。其实这个词表示的是先后或因果关系!  
The snow began to fall, so we went home.  
更多短语:  
then, therefore, consequently, accordingly, hence, as a result, for this reason, so that  
失衡句(头重脚轻,或者头轻脚重) 
有些人脑袋大,身体小,或者有些人脑袋小,身体大,虽然我们不希望长成这个样子,可如果真的是这样了,也就必然会吸引别人的注意力。文章中如果出现这样的句子,就更会让考官看到你的句子与众不同。其实就是主语从句,表语从句,宾语从句的变形。  
举例:This is what I can do.  
Whether he can go with us or not is not sure.  
同样主语、宾语、表语可以改成如下的复杂成分:  
When to go, Why he goes away…  
5)附加(多此一举)  
如果有了老婆,总会遇到这样的情况,当你再讲某个人的时候,她会插一句说,我昨天见过他;或者说,就是某某某,如果把老婆的话插入到我们的话里面,那就是定语从句和同位语从句或者是插入语。  
The man whom you met yesterday is a friend of mine.  
I don’t enjoy that book you are reading.  
Mr liu, our oral English teacher, is easy-going.  
其实很简单,同位语--要解释的东西删除后不影响整个句子的构成;定语从句—借用之前的关键词并且用其重新组成一个句子插入其中,但是whom or that关键词必须要紧跟在先行词之前。  
6)排比(排山倒海句)  
文学作品中最吸引人的地方莫过于此,如果非要让你的文章更加精彩的话,那么我希望你引用一个个的排比句,一个个得对偶句,一个个的不定式,一个个地词,一个个的短语,如此表达将会使文章有排山倒海之势!  
Whether your tastes are modern or traditional, sophisticated or simple, there is plenty in London for you. 
 Nowadays, energy can be obtained through various sources such as oil, coal, natural gas, solar heat, the wind and ocean tides.  
 We have got to study hard, to enlarge our scope of knowledge, to realize our potentials and to pay for our life.(气势恢宏)
 要想写出如此气势恢宏的句子非用排比不可!  
挑战极限原则既然十挑战极限,必然是比较难的,但是并非不可攀!  
原理:在学生的文章中,很少发现诸如独立主格的句子,其实也很简单,只要花上5分钟的时间看看就可以领会,它就是分词的一种特殊形式,分词要求主语一致,而独立主格则不然。比如:  
The weather being fine, a large number of people went to climb the Western Hills. 
 Africa is the second largest continent, its size being about three times that of China.如果您可一些出这样的句子,不得高分才怪! 三、文章主体段落的三大杀手锏 
  一、举实例思维短路,举实例!提出一个观点,举实例!提出一个方案,举实例!而且者也是我们揭示一个观点最好的方式,任何情况下,只要我们无法继续文章,不管三七二十一,尽管举例子! 
  In order to attract more customers, advertisers have adopted every possible simulative factor in making ads, such as sound, light, colours, cartoon films and human performance. For instance, to advertise a certain food, advertisers will ask an actor or actress to sit at a table and devour the seemingly delicious food while they fime him or her.  
 更多句型:  
 To take…as an example, One example is…, Another exampleis…, for example 
 做比较方法:写完一个要点,比较与之相似的;又写完一个要点,再比较与之相反的;  
世界上没有同样的指纹,没有相同的树叶,文章亦同,只有通过比较,你才会发现二者的相同点(through comparison)和不同点(through contrast)。下面是一些短语:  
相似的比较:  
in comparison, likewise, similarly, in the same manner  
相反的比较:  
on the other hand, conversely, whereas, while, instead,
 nevertheless, in contrast, on the contrary, compared with   …,…
   三、换言之没话说了,可以换一句话再说,让你的文章在多一些字,或者文邹邹地说,是让读者更充分的理解你的观点。  
 实际就是重复重复再重复!下面的句子实际上就三个字I love you! 
  I am enthusiastic about you. That is to say, I love you. 
  I am wild about you. In other words, I have fallen in love with you. 
  或者上面我们举过的例子: 
  I cannot bear it. 
  可以用短语表达:I cannot put up with it.因此可以这样说:I cannot bear it. That is to say, I cannot put up with it or I am fed up with it.
  更多短语:  in more difficult language, in simpler words, put it more simply. 
雅思写作常用单词----常用的连接词
常用的连接词:
1)表层次:
first, firstly to begin with further in the first place
second, secondly to start with still furthermore
third, thirdly what is more last last but not least
also and then next besides
and equally important too moreover
besides in addition finally
2)表转折;
by contrast although though yet
at the same time but despite the fact that even so
in contrast nevertheless even though for all that
notwithstanding on the contrary however in spite of
on the other hand otherwise instead still
regardless
3)表因果;
therefore consequently because of for the reason
thus hence due to owing to
so accordingly thanks to on this account
since as on that account in this way
for as a result as a consequence
4)表让步:
still nevertheless concession granted naturally
in spite of all the same of course despite
even so after all
5)表递近:
furthermore moreover likewise what is more besides also not only...but also...
too in addition
6)表举例:
for example for instance for one thing that is
to illustrate as an illustration a case in point
7)表解释:
as a matter of fact frankly speaking in this case namely
in other words英语中18大激励人心的豪情壮语
8)表总结:
in summary in a word thus as has been said
in brief in conclusion altogether in other words
to conclude in fact finally in simpler terms
indeed in short in particular that is
in other words of course on the whole to put it differently
namel
4、赘述
高考英语改错题中的赘述是指在一些固定表达中或从上下文逻辑来看用了多余的词,从而使句子表达不合规范或造成逻辑上的重复。(注:带下划线的词为多余的词,即需删去的词)
(1)Today I visited the Smiths-my first time visit to an American family.    time
(2)In fact,they are planning to visit China in next year.    in
(3)First,let me tell you something  more about myself.      more
(4)We practise for three times every week and often watch football match on TV together.       for
(5)Now I cant watch much television,but a few years ago I was used to watch it every night.     much
(6)Whenever I see them I will often think of my English teacher.      often
(7)I was so tired that I fell asleep at the moment my head touched the pillow.      at
5、固定结构(固定句型、固定短语、固定搭配)
所谓固定结构是指英语中一些不能随意更改的习惯表达。如固定短语中的词不能冗缺,固定搭配要前后一致等。
(1)It was very kind for them to meet me at the railway station and drove me to their home.    of
(2)I use to play ping -pong a lot in my sparetime,but...     used
(3)Some wanted to see the programme while others preferred another.    one
(4)...but the others spent a lot∧time arguing and ...     of
(5)When I was on the stage the next day,I felt so nervous as I shook like a leaf.    that
(6)Suddenly,I caught a sight of my English teacher in the crowd.    a(注:a为需删去的词)
(7)Like most of my schoolmates,I have neither brothers nor sisters—in any other words,I am an only child.    any(any需为删去的词)
9、易混淆的词或词组
易混淆的词既包括词意相同或相近的同义词、近义词,也包括外形相似、意义有别的词组。易混淆词或词组的辨析也是高考改错题中不容忽视的部分。
(1)...but now I am interesting in football.    interested
(2)We must keep in mind that we play for the team instead∧ourselves.    of
(3)Now I cant watch television,but a few years ago I was used to watch it every night.    was(注:was为需删去的词)
(4)Unfortunately,there are too many people among my family.    in
(5)They did not want me to do any work at family;they want me to...    home
(6)Do they really understand their daughter?What things are in other homes,I wonder.    How
(7)Evening came down.    down(注:down为需删去的词)
 连词及与并置问题
连词连接的前后两部分是否合乎逻辑;并列连词所连接的前后两部分结构是否等同。这两点是解答与连词及其相关问题的高考英语改错题的关键所在。
(1)It was very kind of them to meet me at the station and drove me to their home.    drive
(2)Playing football not only makes us grow up tall and strong but also give us a sense of fair play and team spirit.    gives
(3)She was smiling but nodding at me.    and
(4)I remembered her words and clam down.    calmed
(5)It looks as if my parents treat me as a visitor and a guest.    or
(6)The food was expensive and the service was good.    But
(7)As we climbed the mountain,we fed monkeys,visiting temples and told stories.    visited

怎样的流程?审题——草稿——成文——检查
  第一步,审题。
  拿到题目后,手中拿铅笔,手脑眼嘴并用,开始审题。看题目的要求是什么,要点是什么,特殊要求是什么。譬如你是叫李华,还是随便一个名字?要议论文还是记叙文?对分几段写有无要求?等等。诸如此类的硬性要求信息,都最好用铅笔划下来,以免出错,也许你一开始会记得,可随着时间的流逝,你会不会因紧张而遗忘这些信息呢?还是小心为妙。边看最好边张嘴默读,这样就不会遗漏或忽略任何一个字了。
  第二步,草稿。
  有的同学怕出错,全文都打草稿再誊写,我姑且认为不太可取,毕竟考场时间宝贵,即使我有四十分钟时间写作文也不敢贸然这么做,更何况考场时我们留给作文的时间往往一再被压缩。有的同学不打草稿,我认为更不太可取。一来容易出错,二来边写边想思维不连贯,即使思维连贯也无法审词酌句,展现自己最好的一面,容易后悔。
  草稿怎么打,我的做法是,一打结构,二打关键词,三打句式。
  1.结构就是你打算分几段写,每段都写什么?哪段转哪段承哪段起合?心里都要是有谱的。
  2.关键词:结构拟定后,迅速在草稿纸上写下自己这篇作文可能用到的一些关键词。包括一些漂亮的词和自己可能会忘记的词。主要是动词和名词。
  譬如一省作文题:  假设你的名字是李华,亚洲冬季运动会将在你居住的地方举办,现招募志愿者。你希望成为志愿者。申请信的格式已经写好了,你直接写内容就可以。你的个人情况:年龄性别学历,个人条件。英语好,爱好体育,擅长交际,乐于助人。承诺提供最佳服务。
  关键词就是学历、爱好、擅长、乐于、承诺,和你对这篇作文初步构思时想到的一些词。先把这些词(指词的英文表达)写在纸上。有一些词的拼写,譬如学历,可能你本身就记得不是特别清楚,这时一定要在开始写作文前先把它写下来,以免一会因干扰而遗忘。
  然后,别着急,这些词不一定就是你作文中要用的词啊。可能看到聪明这个关键词时,你最初写下的往往是clever,再仔细想想,你是不是又想到了smart,deligient好多词,挑个漂亮和合适的用吧。再比如转折,你写了but,这会再想想,是不是又有一堆表示转折的词在你脑里打转呢?挑一个吧。千万别用but.
  3.句式:词写下来了,其实你构建这篇作文的建筑材料就到位了,下步就是要把它们盖成漂亮的作文。先用最普通的陈述句把它们在头脑中过一遍,然后看看都能改成什么句式。能不能把一句陈述句改成问句?能不能用上一个双重否定句?能不能用一个主语从句套定语从句的长句?能不能用一个插入语?等等。把你高中三年的英语积累展示出来。在草稿纸上同样标注。
  三.正式写。这样的草稿打完后,就要快快写了。注意,英语作文的卷面简直太重要了,一定要把字写整齐,写大。没有把握的词和句子不用,宁可忍痛割爱也不冒犯错的风险。别忘了遵守你最初用铅笔划下的题目的规定。
  四.检查。注意,最最重要的一步来了。尽管很小心,可是我们写英语作文还是会犯下很多错误。单词拼写的,大小写的,等等。这些错误会极大破坏我们在阅卷老师心目中的形象,一定要坚决誓死消灭。即使时间再紧,请务必留下1——2分钟检查作文的时间,消除隐性错误,避免自杀行为。
需要说明的是,英语的开头和结尾是最关键的,尤其是开头。基本上,不跑题,遵守题目要求,一个漂亮的开头,一个还过得去的结尾,2-3个高级词汇,1-2个漂亮的句子,加上整齐的字迹,作文的分就不会低了哦。所以,精心为你的作文想个漂亮的开头吧,切记哦:)


高考英语作文增分的“亮点”

文章的连贯性和紧凑感是高考书面表达的一个重要评分标准,满分作文有个共性,就是有效地使用了语句间的连接成分,为此,学会使用关联词,是提升书面表达质量的重要策略之一。              

有的同学在作文中使用过多简单句,成了简单句堆砌;有的写复杂句时,动辄用so, and,then,but,or,however,yet等非但达不到丰富表达方式的目的,反而使句子结构松散、呆板。为了避免这种现象,可以通过使用不同的关联词,不仅能够丰富句型,而且还能够把思想表达得更清楚,意义更连贯。
■ 金题解析
当前不少文学作品被改编成电影。有人选择看电影,有人则喜欢读原著。请你以“Film or book, which do you prefer?”为题,按照下列要点写一篇英语短文:
看电影:省时、有趣、易懂
2. 读原著:细节更多、语言优美
3. 我的看法及理由
 【注意】
1. 词数:100~120 文章题目和开头已给出(不计入词数)。
2. 参考词汇: original work 或 book in the original (原著)
Film or book, which do you prefer?
Some of us think that it is better to see the film than to read the book in the original.
【写作指导】
这是一篇提纲式半开放性作文。写作时,我们既要注意汉语提示的要点,又要准确表达自己的观点。因此,要分两段写出两种不同的观点,在最后一段写出自己的观点。高考书面表达新评分标准在语言运用上对同学们提出了更高的要求,即在考查短文语言表达准确性的基础上,进一步强调用词的得体性、表达方式的多样性及语言的连贯性。因此,在写作时,我们一定要尽可能多使用高级词汇和复杂句型,要恰当使用连接词、过渡词,这样的文章才能出采,才能得高分。
【参考范文】
Some of us think that it is better to see the film than to read the book in the original. The reason is that it takes less time to understand the whole story. Besides, the film is usually more interesting, and it is easier to follow.
Some others have just the opposite opinion. They think that they can get more detailed information from the original. Meanwhile, the language in the book is possibly more lively and beautiful.
Personally, I agree with the second view. Actually I have more reasons for it. I think I can stay at home, reading quietly in a situation of my own, and what’s more, I am able to better understand the author’s ideas. In a word, to read the original work is better than to see the film based on it.
 【精彩点击】
写作要求我们就选择看电影还是读原著谈谈看法。作者在做到了要点齐全,内容充实,语言规范,语法正确的同时,较好地运用句子间的连接词,从而使文章结构严谨,层次分明,逻辑性强。
①第一段中,besides一词的使用,多角度说明人们选择看电影的理由;
②第二段中,meanwhile一词的使用,增强了语言表达的说服力;
③第三段中,what’s more一词的使用,使作者在说明自己观点时呈现较强的逻辑性和感染力。In a word用于总结前文,突出了主题。
■ 关联词的应用
文章段落之间的逻辑关系可以用启、承、转、合来概括。“启”就是开头, “承”是承接,“转”是转折,“合”是综合或总结。
(1)用于“启”的关联词语通常用在段落或文章的开头: first, first of all, at first, in the first place, firstly, to begin with, to start with, recently, now, nowadays, at present, in recent years, in general, generally speaking, lately, currently等。例:
①Nowadays,a heated debate (discussion) about private cars is under way in China.
时下,人们正议论着关于私家车的话题。
②In the recent few years, millions of fast food restaurants have mushroomed all over China.
近几年,中国涌现上百万快餐店。
③Currently, there is a widespread concern over increasing traffic accidents.
时下,不断增加的交通事故已引起人们的广泛关注。
④First of all, doing exercise every day is of the utmost importance in keeping fit.
首先,每日锻炼对保持健康至关重要。
⑤Generally speaking, the more you practice, the more skillfully you can write in English.
一般来说,多实践,英语的写作能力就越强。
(2)用于“承”的关联词语通常用在段落中的第一个扩展句中: second, similarly, in addition, besides, then, furthermore, moreover, what is more, what is worse, for example, for instance, certainly, surely, obviously, in other words, especially, particularly, in particular, indeed, still, third, truly, in fact, at the same time, no doubt等。例:
①The answer to this problem involves many factors. First, . . . Next, . . . Last, . . .
解决问题的方法涉及两方面,首先,……其次,……最后,……
②The following factors account for the problem. On the one hand, . . . On the other hand, . . .
以下原因导致了这一问题, 一方面, ……另一方面,……
③As a matter of fact, it is health rather than wealth that counts.
事实上,健康才是最重要。
④What is more serious is that we do not cherish the wildlife.
更严重的是,我们不珍惜野生动物。
⑤In addition, we should not neglect that everyone wants a friendly and peaceful society.
此外,我们不应忽视每个人都想要一个温馨祥和的社会。
(3)用于“转”的关联词语通常用在段落中的第二个扩展句中: but, however, on the other hand, on the contrary, in contrast, in any case, at any rate(无论如何), nevertheless(虽然如此), otherwise, or, or else, while, whereas, but, despite, in spite of ..., yet, instead等。例:
①However, this idea is now being questioned by more and more experts.
这一想法却受到越来越多的专家质疑。
②But just as a coin has two sides, tourism inevitably has its disadvantages.
凡事都有两方面,旅游不可避免地有其缺陷。
③Parents complain their children are behaving unreasonably while the children declare their parents to be old-fashioned.
父母抱怨孩子行为不端,孩子则认为父母太落伍。
④In spite of these changes, the liberation of women has not been completed realized.
尽管有些变化,妇女解放仍未完全实现。
⑤On the other hand, some examinations fail to measure how the students have really studied.
相反,有些考试却难以真正衡量学生学识。
(4)用于“合”的关联词语通常用在段落的结论句或文章的结论段中:in a word, in general, in short, above all, after all, generally speaking,to sum up, finally, in conclusion, at last, in summary, therefore, as a result, above all, thus,after all, eventually, hence, in sum(总之), on the whole(就整体而言), to sum up等。例:
①Last but no least, the shortcoming in education is the cause contributing to juvenile delinquency.
最后,但并非最不重要,教育上的缺失是助长青少年犯罪的原因。
②For these reasons, we can conclude that receiving college education is wise.
基于这些原因,我们可以得出结论:接受大学教育是明智的。
③Therefore,it takes longer time and more energy to communicate in written English than in oral English.
因此,书面语交流比口语需要更多时间和精力。
④In short, environmental pollution is the major problem to be solved to make our world a better place in which to live.
总之,要想生活安逸,必须解决环境污染问题。
⑤From what has been discussed above, we may safely draw the conclusion that advantages of bicycle far outweigh its disadvantages and it will still play essential roles in modern society.
通过以上讨论,我们可以得出结论:自行车的优点远大于缺点,并且在现代社会它仍将发挥重要作用。

高考英语作文精彩短语150条
1 欣赏大自然的风景 to appreciate the scenery of nature
      2 培养公德心 to cultivate the public mindedness
      3 维护健康 to maintain health
      4 保护环境 to protect the environment
      5 开拓视野 to broaden the horizon
      6 开拓心胸 to broaden the mind
      7 调剂生活 to make life pleasant
      8 松散身心 to relax oneself
      9 启迪心灵 to enlighten the mind
      10 灌输知识 to impart knowledge into someone
      11 追求理想 to seek after the ideal
      12 实现抱负 to realize ones ambition
      13 守信用 to keep ones promise
      14 跟上时代 to keep up with the times
      15 欣赏古典文学 to appreciate the classical literature
      16 学习吉他 to learn guitar
      17 陶冶品德 to cultivate the character
      18 贡献国家 to contribute oneself to the country
      19 锻炼身体 to strengthen, exercise the body
      20 缺乏休闲活动 to lack recreations
      21 作笔记 to take notes
      22 使用参考书 to use reference books
      23 关心社会 to be concerned about the society
      24 服从校规 to follow the rules of the school
      25 尽身为学生的责任 to fulfill ones duty as a student
      26 克服困难 to overcome the difficulty
      27 面临困难 to be confronted with the difficulty
      28 渡过困境 to weather the storm
      29 走快捷方式 to cut the corner
      30 量脉搏 to feel the pulse
      31 开药方 to prescribe the medicine
      32 坚守原则 to stick to the principle
      33 注意卫生 to emphasize the importance of hygiene
      34 乱丢垃圾 to litter; to scatter garbage
      35 美化环境 to beautify the environment
      36 种植树木 to grow trees
      37 防止污染 to prevent the pollution
      38 提升生活质量 to promote the qualities of life
      39 造成损害 to do damage to
      40 对...有益 to benefit; to be beneficial to
      41 对...有害 to be harmful to; to do harm to
      42 任意停车 to park the car at random
      43 制造噪音 to make noises
      44 占用人行道 to occupy the sidewalk
      45 妨碍交通 to hinder the traffic
      46 排放污烟、废气 to belch smoke, exhaust, fume
      47 造成不便 to cause inconvenience
      48 造成混乱 to bring about the disorder
      49 闯红灯 to run through the red light
      50 利用天桥 to make use of the overpass
      51 查字典 to consult the dictionary
      52 屏息 to hold ones breath
      53 流泪 to shed tears
      54 符合需要 to meet the demand
      55 生根 to take root
      56 产生结果 to bear fruit
      57 打破沉默 to break the ice
      58 气馁 to lose heart; to get discouraged
      59 振作 to pull oneself together; to take heart
      60 采取步骤 to take steps; to take measures
      61 缓和悲伤 to ease ( alleviate ) the sorrow
      62 承受负担 to bear the responsibility
      63 考虑到 to make allowance for
      64 把握机会 to seize the opportunity
      65 跑腿 to run an errand
      66 树立楷模 to set a good example
      67 接受教育 to receive education
      68 提升生活的水平 to raise the standard of living
      69 告辞 to take ones leave
      70 有很深的了解 to have a deep understanding of
      71 跟随流行 to follow the fashion
      72 提钱 to withdraw money
      73 存钱 to deposit money
      74 良心不安 the conscience stirs
      75 自立 to be independent; to stand on ones own
      76 英文很好 to have a good command of English
      77 有广泛的知识 to have a wide range of knowledge
      78 喜爱艺术 to have a great liking for arts
      79 扮演重要角色 to play an important role in
      80 聊天 to have a chat with
      81 有...才能 to have a talent for
      82 选择 to make a choice
      83 有很大的影响 to have a great influence on
      84 予人...很深的印象 to make a deep impression on
      85 愚弄 to make a fool of
      86 找借口 to make an excuse
      87 给人搭便车 to give one a lift
      88 打电话 to give someone a ring
      89 冒险 to take chances
      90 怀恨 to bear grudge against someone
      91 牢记在心 to bear .....in mind
      92 板着脸 to pull a long face
      93 对...充耳不闻 to turn a deaf ear to
      94 被开除 to be dismissed from school
      95 生气 to be angry with ( at )
      96 负担责任 to assume the responsibility
      97 符合需要 to serve the purpose
      98 变胖 to gain weight
      99 有道理 to make sense
      100 记日记 to keep a diary
      101 尽己所能 to do what one can
      102 擅长网球 to be at home in tennis
      103 郊游 to go on an outing
      104 消磨时间 to kill time
      105 增加生活的情趣 to increase the pleasures of life
      106 精神抖擞 to be ( feel ) refreshed
      107 解除紧张和焦虑 to relieve the tension and anxiety
      108 宣泄久积的情绪 to release the pent-up feelings
      109 游手好闲 to fool around
      110 准备考试 to prepare for the examination
      111 参加课外活动 to take part in the club activities
      112 无精打采的 to be listless
      113 精力充沛的 to be vigorous, energetic
      114 防台 to guard against the typhoon
      115 逃避现实 to escape the reality
      116 达到目标 to achieve the aim
      117 五育并重 to lay equal emphasis on the Five Disciplines
      118 感到无聊 to feel ( be ) bored
      119 感到剌激 to be excited
      120 感到满意 to be pleased, satisfied
      121 感到失望 to be disappointed
      122 感到振奋 to be encouraged, inspired
      123 感到气馁 to be discouraged, frustrated
      124 感到疲倦的 to be exhausted
      125 感到烦恼 to be worried, upset, disturbed, bothered
      126 放弃理想 to abandon the ideal
      127 奠定基础 to lay the foundation
      128 失去耐心 to lose patience
      129 进步 to make progress
      130 失去连络 to lose track of
      131 保持连络 to keep in touch with
      132 误入歧途 to go astray
      133 养成...的习惯 to make it a rule to; to cultivate the habit
      134 统一中国 to reunify China
      135 不辞辛劳 to take the pains to
      136 遇到交通阻塞 to be caught in a traffic jam
      137 给...教训 to teach someone a lesson
      138 改过自新 to turn over a new leaf
      139 引以为乐 to take delight in
      140 予...以打击 to deal a heavy blow to
      141 予...以威胁 to pose a threat to
      142 取代 to take the place of
      143 预作保留 to make the reservation
      144 使...澈夜未眠 to cost someone a sleepless night
      145 充满喜悦 to be filled with joy
      146 背诵 to learn....by heart
      147 鼓励 to encourage, inspire
      148 产生不同 to make a great difference
      149 犯法 to violate the law
      150 不遗余力 to spare no efforts to

 

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