叙事性作文写作指导

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叙事性作文写作指导

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源莲 山课件 w ww.5 Y
K J.cOm

叙事性作文写作指导

 一【文体透析】

记事类的记叙文主要的命题形式为提纲式和图画式,包括日记、游记、成语典故、小故事或者看图作文等。写作过程中要注意以下三个方面的问题:

1.       明确“五个W和一个H”

写作中经常用到的“五个W和一个H”的概念,即___________, ___________, ___________, ___________, ___________, ___________. 整个写作内容的确定、写作材料的筛选,都要围绕这五个W和一个H进行。

2.确定叙述的人称

一般来说,英语记叙文要以第一人称(I/we)和第三人称(he/she/it/they)来展开叙述。第一人称是从“参与者”的角度进行叙述;第三人称是以“观察者”的身份展开叙述,要根据具体情况合理选用。

3.确定叙述的顺序

在英语记叙文中,最常用的是按事情发生的时间或空间顺序进行记叙。最值得练习的记叙方法还是按时间顺序,因为这种记叙顺序无论从时态,还是从连接词、过渡词等方面都比较容易掌握。

二.【语言准备】

时间状语

1.       One day / the other day / a couple of days ago / while he was…,he..

2.       It was snowing /raining heavily on Monday /Sunday morning …when …

3.       It is really an unforgettable day …

4.       At first...then...five minutes later...finally/in the end/at last/as a result

5.       Upon arrival                 6. on one’s way home from school

6.       not…until…               8.luckily                9.immediately

7.       at once                          11. at last               12.as soon as

描述动作:

8.       be busy doing sth                  2. catch sight of/take notice of         3.  knock into/come across  

4.       hear\see\find sb. doing sth.     5. help sb. with sth.=help sb. do sth.  6. stop sb. from doing sth.

7.       speak\think highly of sb.        8. can’t help doing sth.

描述事情:

1. a good idea comes to one’s mind                    2. make up one’s mind/be determined to do sth.

3.regret for what sb. has done                                4. enjoy oneself/ have a good time/ have fun (in) doing

5.       make sb. worried\surprised\happy\frightened 6. come back safe and sound                            

7.leave a deep impression on sb.                        8. it was the first time that

表达优化  

1.Tom was riding along the street. A car ran fast to him. 

The other day, Tom was riding along the street when he saw a car run fast towards him.

2.       The driver was frightened. He ran away.

Sofrightened was the car driver that he ran away as fast as he could.

3.       The driver disappeared, and Tom was helpless.

He was soon out of sight, leaving Tom helpless on the spot.

4.       A woman saw the accident.

Fortunately, a woman happened to witness it.

5.       The driver was caught.

Finally, the driver was caught and punished for his wrong doing.

6.       We began to discuss this matter when the teacher came in.

Hardly had we begun to discuss this matter when the teacher came in.

7.       I was very excited.

It was the most exciting moment that I had ever experienced.

8. Not until you told me did I have any idea of it.

9. Only then did I realize that many of the things we did were bad for the environment.

三.【实战演练】

假如你是李华,作为交流学生正在英国某中学学习。昨晚,你所住的公寓楼失火。事后,警察前来调查此事,询问住户、了解事发过程,请你以书面形式讲述失火的经过,要求如下:

1.失火的大致经过;

2.你和邻居逃生;

3.消防人员如何救火和解救被困人员。

学生习作

Last_night_I_was_having_a_shower_in_the_bathroom at about 10:30 when the silence was_broken_by some most_unusual_noises_outside. I quickly put on and ran out of the bathroom,finding a big fire was broke out on the 3rd floor of our flat building. The fire brigade was immediately called.I and most of the people,had left the building by the time the fire fighters arrived. But a family on the 4th floor were still trapped in the burning flat. The firemen were so great. Some put out the fire hard and others tried to save the parents and then went back in and wrapped their child up in a blanket,brought him out and took him to hospital.

We_are_pleased_to_hear_that_they_are_all_well_now.

妙笔生花

1.改正句中错误。______________________________________________

2.改正句中错误。_____________________________________________

3.改正句中错误。_____________________________________________

4.用地道方式改写句。_____________________________________________

5.用定语从句改写句中the burning flat。_____________________________________________

6.用高级词汇替换句中save。____________________________________________

四. 【范文背诵】

Last_night_I_was_having_a_shower_in_the_bathroom at about 10:30 when the silence was_broken_by some most_unusual_noises_outside. I quickly got dressed and ran out of the bathroom, only to find a big fire broke out on the 3rd floor of our flat building. The fire brigade was immediately called. I along with most of the people, had left the building by the time the fire fighters arrived. But a family on the 4th floor were still trapped in the flat that was burning. The firemen were so great. Some put out the fire hard and others managed to rescue the parents and then went back in and wrapped their child up in a blanket, brought him out and rushed him to the hospital.

We_are_pleased_to_hear_that_they_are_all_well_now.

五【巩固练习】

下面4幅图片描述的是星期天上午在中山公园里发生的一件事。请根据图片所提供的信息用英语为你校的“英语园地”写一篇短文。   

注意:短文须包括所有图片的主要内容。短文的内容要连贯、完整;   短文单词数:100左右(已给句子中的单词不计入总词数);   参考词汇:货摊stand (n.) ; 抢夺 snatch (v.) ; 逮捕 arrest (v.)


 

文章来
源莲 山课件 w ww.5 Y
K J.cOm